Tag Archives: kidney stones

Intercourse appears to aid in passage of kidney stones

iStock_000022070159_Small Drinking milk may do a body good, but so does frequent sex. Sexual intercourse may aid in the passage of distal ureteral kidney stones, suggests a study of 90 men conducted by Turkish researchers at the Clinic of Ankara. Distal utereral stones are stones that lodge in the lower portion of the ureters. Ureters are the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.

Researchers divided the male patients into three groups. Group one was advised to have sexual intercourse three-four times a week. Group two patients were administered tamsulosin. Tamsulosin is an alpha blocker that’s used to treat an enlarged prostate. It relaxes muscles in the ureters making urination easier. Patients in the third group received standard medical therapy for kidney stones.

Researchers found that men who had sex three to four times a week had a better chance of spontaneously expelling their stones. Results of the study were published in July 2015 issue of Urology.

More water, less kidney stones?

Bottoms up!

Water does more than hydrate. It may reduce your risk for kidney stones

Water does more than hydrate. It may reduce your risk for kidney stones

Drinking more water may help reduce your risk of kidney stones.

High water intake may help you keep kidney stones at bay, according to an analysis of several studies. Mayo Clinic (Rochester, MN) physicians reviewed data collected from the studies called a meta-analysis and reported their findings at the 2015 National Kidney Foundation spring clinical meeting.

So what is considered high-volume? At least 2 to 2.5 liters of water per day, says the researchers. That amount is an effective way to reduce one’s risk of kidney stones in half, said researchers involved in the study. But remember too much of anything — including water – is not a good thing. Also diet is an important factor in kidney stone risk reduction.

Talk with your physician about what’s appropriate for you.

Kidney stone relief

Kidney stonesKidney stone sufferers need a new drug, and drugs used to treat leukemia may help one day.

A class of drugs used to treat leukemia and epilepsy may also be effective against kidney stones, says a researcher at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The drugs are a type of enzyme called HDAC inhibitors.

Two HDAC drugs – Vorinostat and trichostatin A – lowered levels of calcium and magnesium in the urine in a study with mice without significant side effects.

Kidney stones form when urine becomes too concentrated allowing calcium and magnesium to crystallize. One drug used sometimes to treat kidney stones – thiazide – reduces calcium in urine but increases magnesium, countering its effectiveness.

CT scans vs. ultrasound for diagnosing kidney stones

CT scans are no more accurate than an ultrasound for the initial diagnosis of kidney stones, reports a study that was published recently in The New England Journal of Medicine. The study involved 15 medical centers.

Why should this finding concern you? CT scans deliver a large dose of radiation whereas an ultrasound does not. Radiation exposure is cumulative: it adds up over time. Healthy tissue can only tolerate so much radiation exposure before damage occurs. Ultrasound uses sonar – sound waves. CT scans are also more expensive than ultrasound exams.

Although many hospital emergency departments favor CT scans to diagnose kidney stones, an ultrasound should be the first step says the study’s lead author, Rebecca Smith-Bindman, MD, a professor at the University of California – San Francisco.

Women with kidney stones more likely to develop CKD

392373_268417476599562_758327877_nAn analysis of health data of approximately 5,900 individuals found that women with a history of kidney stones were 1.8 times more likely to develop  chronic kidney disease (CKD) and three times more likely to need dialysis than women who do not have a history of stones. Although men were also included in the study, researchers found no significant association between kidney stones and CKD. The study was published online in The Journal of Urology. It used datea from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).

 

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